It depends on their dimension. According to the Spanish Technical Building Code (CTE-DB-HE), it is not necessary for apartments of less than 50 sqm.
It has to be connected directly to the municipal water supply.
Where the site is connected to the public sewerage system, a special sink or disposal unit shall be sufficient, if this is not possible, you may have to install a septic tank.
An Electrical Industry Bulletin has to be obtained through an engineering office in order to obtain your electric power supply.
Does it meet the Spanish Technical Building Code (CTE) thermal and acoustical insulation demands? And DB-HE energy saving parameters?
All exterior surfaces must be correctly insulated so as to comply whith stablished thermal transmission values and insuring non thermal bridging insulation. This can be achieved by protecting and insulating the interior and exterior of the containers.
Can it be located anywhere? The containers themselves weigh around 2.5 tons for a 20’, where do they land on?
Where you are planning to build your shipping container home dictates all requirements: urbanistic regulation, munipal edificability, etc. A previous terrain study and knowledge of relevant binding codes is required to adecuate the foundation design and calculations.
Each case must be studied separately so as to find a solution maintaining its structural rigidity: green roof, pebble stones, solar panel installations, water tanks, etc.
All shipping containers are made to standard measurements and as such they provide modular elements that can be combined into larger structures.
This simplifies design, planning and transport. As they are already designed to interlock for ease of mobility during transportation, structural construction is completed by simply emplacing them.
Due to the containers’ modular design additional construction is as easy as stacking more containers. They can be stacked up to 12 high when empty. There are welding or bolted joints, removable so as to maintain their transportable and reusable characteristic.
Every container has the same construction elements and comply with an ISO norm: A basic steel frame, fitted with 8 weight bearing corner casting fitted into the 8 corners, is filled in with corrugated steel panels which are between 1.5mm to 3.00 mm thick.
The age of a used container can vary considerably but usually they are sold by shipping lines after 10 years of age. Deformation and degradation caused by use, obligues us to check each container attentively to determine the best cut and reinforcement in each case.
There are a great variety of options provided that certain requirements are met: safety, health, habitability, watertightness, thermal insulation…
There are a variety of exterior and interior finishing options: painting, wood paneling, stone facing, sandwich panels…
Factors such as solar protection, temperature, exposure and energy efficiency must be taken into account.
There are systems to obtain a sustainable high-performance container depending on the use given: recyclable low-impact materials, energy efficient carpentry, energy saving installations, etc.
The containers we use are totally standard, with the most common length being 10, 20 and 40 feet.
Each container is different but has similar resistance characteristics and is easily transported.
The container iron floor is solidarized to the external steel frame structure and pillars. Containers are originally watertight and waterproof. The units can be joined together by rigid or mechanical joints and stacked 5 high or more.
According to your needs, shipping containers can be converted into:
- Permanent or temporary houses (one, two, three or more bedroom units)
- Office modules
- Temporary, movable business: kiosk, observation post, tourism office, stands, etc.
- Modules or extra space enlargement: garden store houses guest houses, attached bedroom modules.
- Bungalows in camp sites.